Sore Throat

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Overview

Sort throats are very common. They can be caused by either bacteria or viruses. Most sore throats are not serious and will go after 3-7 days without medical treatment. 

Symptoms

  • Painful feeling at the back of the throat
  • Tenderness in glands in the neck
  • Discomfort of Swallowing
  • High temperature
  • Aching
  • Headache
  • Tiredness

When to see the Doctor

  • If your symptoms have not improved after 2 weeks
  • If your immunity is lowered 

When to seek urgent medical advice

  • Persistent Fever (temperature of 38*C)
  • Have difficulty breathing
  • Have difficulty swallowing saliva or fluids

Causes

  • Symptom of common cold, flu or glandular fever
  • Infection or inflammation at the back of your throat or in your tonsils
  • Bacteria infection "strep throat"

Do I need antibiotics?

The use of antibiotics is not recommended for sore throats because:

  • Most sore throats are cause by viruses
  • If bacterial, you will not get any better any quicker and may experience side effects
  • Over-using antibiotics for minor ailments makes them less effective for life-threatening conditions

What treatment should I take?

Sore throats are not usually serious and will pass in a week. Paracetamol or Ibuprofen will help to ease the pain and reduce any fever. 

Adults may find that sucking lozenges can provide additional relief.

It is important to keep drinking plenty of fluids.



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