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Getting a lot out of a little

If you are not eating very much and losing weight it is important to increase the calorie and protein content of your diet. Fortifying food will do this without increasing the amount you eat.

You may need to fortify your diet if:

  • You have a poor appetite, eating less food and losing weight
  • You have a good appetite but are still losing weight
  • Healthy eating guidelines of a low fat diet are not appropriate for you
  • Choose full fat products
  • Remember to try and have 8 cups of fluid a day
  • A glass of fresh fruit juice is a rich source of vitamin C and can be helpful for healing wounds and sores

5 easy ways to help you to add more calories and protein to your food

1) Make up a pint of fortified milk and use it for all your drinks, on cereals, to make puddings, sauces, soups, milk jellies and in other recipes that require milk. (A pint of this milk per day will significantly increase your calorie intake)

  1. Take one pint of full cream / whole milk
  2. Add 4 Table Spoons of skimmed milk powder to a small amount of milk and mix to a paste
  3. Top up with remaining milk from the 1 pint.
  4. Store in fridge and use throughout the day

2) Fortify other foods

Food Item Adapting the Recipe
Cereals e.g. Porridge

In prorridge use fortified milk and add 2 tablespoons of double cream per portion. (1 portion = 1 ladle full)

Use foritied milk on all cereals

Toast, Bread Add extra butter, preserves and mayonnaise
Soup tinned / dried or home made Add 1 heaped teaspoon of milk powder and 2 table spoons of cream to soup per portion (1portion = 1 ladle full)
Potatoes Add an extra knob of butter / margarine. Also add 1 tablespoon of cream to mashed potatoes. Grated Cheese can also be added.
Vegetables Add 1 teaspoon of butter / margarine to 2 tablespoons of vegetables. Allow to melt.
Custard Use fortified milk then add 2 tablespoons of cream per portion. (1 portion = 1 ladle full)
Puddings Add extra cream, custard made with fortified milk, evaporated milk, jam, syrup, chocolate or fruit sauces.
Ice Cream Pour 2 tablespoons of cream over 1 scoop of ice cream.
Preserves Use plenty of sugar, syrup, jam, peanut butter, lemon curd, chocolate spread, honey, mayonnaise.

3) Choose high calorie drinks - milky coffee, malted milk or hot chocolate using fortified milk.

Hot Chocolate Drink

  1. 150 mls (1/4 Pint) full cream milk
  2. 1 heaped tablespoon of milk powder
  3. 4 tablespoons of cream
  4. 3 tablespoons of hot chocolate powder (or to taste)
  5. Mix Ingredient together
  6. Heat ingredient together in microwave or saucepan


  1. 200 mls full cream milk
  2. 2 heaped tablespoons milk powder
  3. Milkshake powder
  4. Whisk milk and milk powder together
  5. Add flavourings to taste. Serve chilled

4) Aim for 3 small meals a day and snacks in between. Little and often is more appealing for a small appetite.

Examples of snacks:
Biscuits, scone, cake, crisps, nuts, dried fruit, mini cheese biscuits, mini pasties, cheese and biscuits, hummus, samosas, chocolate bar, small trifle, dessert pot, creamy yoghurt, flapjack, mousse, toast spread with sweet toppings (lemon curd, jam, chocolate spread), toast spread with savoury toppings (pate, cream cheese, paste, peanut butter), crumpets, teacakes, scotch eggs, pork pie, sausage rolls, cereals, milkshakes, squash, cocoa, lassi.

5) You can buy build up soups or shakes or complan, from your supermarket or chemist.

If there are any specific dietary concerns regarding diabetes, coeliac disease or renal disease, ask for further guidance from your GP or dietitian.

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