Urinary Tract Infections

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Overview

A Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) occurs when any part of the urinary system becomes infected, usually by bacteria. Infections most commonly involve the lower part of the system. This includes the bladder and urethra. When the upper part of the system involving the kidneys and ureters are involved it is more serious.

Symptoms

  • Pain or Burning sensation when passing urine
  • Increased need to pass urine
  • Mild fever
  • Feeling that you are unable to urinate fully
  • Pain in your power abdomen
  • Urine which is usually cloudy, bloody or bad in odour

When to seek urgent medical advice

  • If symptoms do not settle 1 week after a course of antibiotics

Causes

  • The bacteria that causes UTIs are typically found living in your colon
  • The bacteria get into the opening of the urethra and multiply in the bladder

Do I need antibiotics?

UTIs can be treated with antibiotics. Lower UTIs only require a 3 day course.

What treatment should I take?

  • Drink plenty of liquids, especially water as it helps wash bacteria from your bladder
  • Go to the toilet when you need rather than holding it
  • Empty your bladder after sexual intercourse
  • Wash your genitals every day and before having sex
  • Wipe from front to back after going to the toilet

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